View a developmental anomaly category

Developmental anomaly categoryinformation for Atresia

Description: Absence of a normal opening or failure of a structure to be tubular


Developmental anomalies associated with this developmental anomaly category :

Array
(
    [Dacategory] => Array
        (
            [id] => 4
            [name] => Atresia
            [description] =>  Absence of a normal opening or failure of a structure to be tubular
        )

    [Thesaurus] => Array
        (
            [0] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 103
                    [name] => Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), and esophageal atresia, Type C
                    [description] => Tracheoesophageal fistula is a developmental anomaly characterized by an abnormal connection between the trachea and the esophagus and usually accompanies esophageal atresia. Esophageal atresia is failure of the esophagus to form a continuous passage from the pharynx to the stomach. There are some cases of Tracheoesophageal fistula without esophageal atresia.
                    [author_id] => 1
                    [topo_code] => 14
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 21
                    [parent_da_code] => 825
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 4388
                    [omim_ref] => 
                    [possum_ref] => 
                    [snomed_ref] => 
                    [ICD10_ref] => Q39.2
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-03-07 01:00:00
                    [modified] => 2008-12-29 15:03:01
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [1] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 130
                    [name] => Aortic atresia
                    [description] =>  Congenital absence of the normal valvular opening from the left ventricle of the heart into the aorta. 

It could be part of hypoplastic left heart sequence.
                    [author_id] => 1
                    [topo_code] => 52
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 58
                    [parent_da_code] => 861
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 
                    [omim_ref] => 
                    [possum_ref] => 
                    [snomed_ref] => 
                    [ICD10_ref] => Q23.0 
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-03-17 01:00:00
                    [modified] => 2008-12-29 19:53:05
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [2] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 246
                    [name] => Intestinal atresia
                    [description] => Intestinal atresia is the failure of a portion of the intestinal tract to completely form. It occurs most frequently in the ileum. It can also occur in the duodenum, jejunum or the colon. Abdominal distension (inflation) increases, the infant fails to pass stools, and, finally, feedings are vomited. The cause of intestinal atresia is not known.

 
                    [author_id] => 2
                    [topo_code] => 16
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 23
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 4389
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                    [wiki_ref] => Atresia
                    [created] => 2008-06-04 02:50:17
                    [modified] => 2008-12-23 22:02:53
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [3] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 274
                    [name] => Duodenal atresia and stenosis, congenital
                    [description] => Duodenal maldevelopment occurs secondary to either inadequate endodermal proliferation (gut elongation outpaces proliferation) or failure of the epithelial solid cord to recanalize (failure of vacuolization). Recanalization of the common duct frequently appears with 2 lumina and openings into the duodenum with 2 orifices. These 2 major canals create a narrow segment of the duodenum, and this narrow zone is the area of the duodenum that is most prone to incomplete recanalization and atresia formation.   
Duodenal stenosis is the narrowing or partial blockage of a portion of the duodenum.Duodenal atresia is the most common fetal atresia, occurring in 1 in 10,000 births and in 8% of fetuses with Down syndrome. It may be suspected by the presence of a "double bubble" due to a dilated fluid-filled stomach and proximal duodenum.
Duodenal obstruction may be complete or incomplete. Duodenal atresia is an example of complete intrinsic obstruction. Duodenal stenosis is an example of an incomplete intrinsic abnormality; however, duodenal extrinsic stenosis can occur in association with malrotation or a preduodenal portal vein. Strictly speaking, annular pancreas does not cause an extrinsic duodenal obstruction because the duodenum within the collar of an annular pancreas is intrinsically narrowed.

Duodenal atresia can take many forms, but proximal and distal intestinal segments always end blindly. The intestine on either side of the defect may be in apposition (type 1), separated by a fibrous cord (type 2), or gap (type 3). Regardless of atresia severity, the proximal intestinal segment is typically dilated and the distal segment empty; these are hallmarks of duodenal atresia. While obstruction may occur anywhere within the duodenum, it occurs most frequently in the vicinity of the ampulla of Vater.
In approximately 40% of cases, the anomaly is encountered in an infant with trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). 


                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 71
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 25
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 
                    [omim_ref] => 
                    [possum_ref] => 
                    [snomed_ref] => 
                    [ICD10_ref] => Q41.0 
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                    [created] => 2008-05-26 02:00:00
                    [modified] => 2009-01-02 20:05:55
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [4] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 301
                    [name] => Tricuspid atresia
                    [description] => Tricuspid atresia is a rare congenital heart defect in which there's no valve between two of the heart's four chambers,( the upper and lower right chambers). In addition, the lower right chamber is very small.
                    [author_id] => 1
                    [topo_code] => 0
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 0
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 
                    [omim_ref] => 
                    [possum_ref] => 
                    [snomed_ref] => 
                    [ICD10_ref] => Q22.4
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-05-29 02:00:00
                    [modified] => 2008-12-02 14:56:10
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [5] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 355
                    [name] => Pulmonary valve atresia
                    [description] => In pulmonary atresia, no pulmonary valve exists. Consequently, blood can't flow from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery and on to the lungs. The right ventricle functions as a blind pouch that may stay small and not well developed. The tricuspid valve is often poorly developed, too.

                    [author_id] => 1
                    [topo_code] => 0
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 0
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
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                    [ICD10_ref] => Q22.0
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                    [created] => 2008-06-03 02:00:00
                    [modified] => 2008-12-02 14:55:19
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [6] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 377
                    [name] => Laryngeal atresia
                    [description] => Congenital failure of the laryngeal opening to develop, resulting in partial or total obstruction at or just above or below the glottis. 

                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 49
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 17
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
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                    [created] => 2008-06-10 16:26:38
                    [modified] => 2008-12-23 16:37:24
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [7] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 399
                    [name] => Atresia of foramina of Magendie and Luschka
                    [description] => Congenital obstruction of the outlets of Luschka and Magendie leading to  massive dilatation of the fourth ventricle and is the one manifestation of Dandy-Walker malformation. 
                    [author_id] => 2
                    [topo_code] => 61
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 12
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 13853
                    [omim_ref] => 
                    [possum_ref] => 
                    [snomed_ref] => 
                    [ICD10_ref] => Q03.1
                    [orphanet_ref] => 
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                    [diseasesdb_ref] => 
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                    [fetusnet_ref] => 
                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-06-13 04:47:30
                    [modified] => 2009-01-07 20:02:28
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [8] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 448
                    [name] => Vaginal atresia
                    [description] => Vaginal atresia is a congenital occlusion of the vagina or subsequence adhesion (sticking together) of the walls of the vagina occluding it. 

                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 80
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 42
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-07-23 16:28:28
                    [modified] => 2008-12-16 17:18:06
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [9] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 451
                    [name] => Aortic valve atresia
                    [description] => Aortic valve atresia is usually associated with hypoplasia of the left ventricle and mitral valve.
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 52
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 10
                    [parent_da_code] => 861
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 
                    [omim_ref] => 
                    [possum_ref] => 
                    [snomed_ref] => 
                    [ICD10_ref] => Q23.0 
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-07-23 23:56:12
                    [modified] => 2008-12-29 19:54:25
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [10] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 579
                    [name] => Biliary atresia
                    [description] => Biliary atresia is the absence of the major bile ducts, causing jaundice
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 37
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 72
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
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                    [created] => 2008-08-19 16:09:20
                    [modified] => 2009-01-05 21:44:37
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [11] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 707
                    [name] => Esophageal Atresia with proximal TEF (tracheoesophageal fistula)Type B
                    [description] => Esophageal Atresia where the upper esophageal pouch connects abnormally to the trachea.The lower esophageal pouch ends blindly.




                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 14
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 21
                    [parent_da_code] => 825
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                    [created] => 2008-09-15 20:56:55
                    [modified] => 2008-12-29 15:03:43
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [12] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 729
                    [name] => Isolated Esophageal Atresia (EA)
                    [description] => EA is a condition in which the proximal and distal portions of the esophagus do not communicate. The upper segment of the esophagus is a dilated, blind-ending pouch with a hypertrophied muscular wall that typically extends to the level of the second to fourth thoracic vertebra. The distal esophageal portion is an atretic pouch with a small diameter and a thin muscular wall; it extends a variable distance above the diaphragm.
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 14
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 21
                    [parent_da_code] => 856
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                    [created] => 2008-09-29 14:54:10
                    [modified] => 2008-12-29 14:50:03
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [13] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 776
                    [name] => Urethral atresia
                    [description] =>  is a rare congenital abnormality often include in the widespread spectrum of obstructive uropathies.  The antenatal detection of urethral agenesis has rarely been documented. It occurs in male and female fetuses and in fetuses of diabetic mothers
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 0
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 35
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
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                    [created] => 2008-10-21 15:55:01
                    [modified] => 2008-12-03 20:48:53
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [14] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 806
                    [name] => Choanal Atresia
                    [description] =>  Choanal Atresia Is  a congenital anomaly of the anterior skull base characterized by closure of one or both posterior nasal cavities.Bilateral choanal atresia is commonly associated with other congenital anomalies. The CHARGE association (Coloboma, Heart defects, Choanal Atresia, Retarded growth, Genitourinary abnormalities, and Ear anomalies) is present to varying extent in approximately 50% of bilateral cases. Bilateral choanal atresia has been reported in association with other craniofacial syndromes and skull-based defects including encephalocele. Most unilateral cases are isolated anomalies.
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 74
                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 63
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
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                    [created] => 2008-11-11 15:15:14
                    [modified] => 2008-12-17 16:52:11
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [15] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 825
                    [name] => Esophageal Atresia
                    [description] => Congenital esophageal atresia (EA) represents a failure of the esophagus to develop as a continuous passage. Instead, it ends as a blind pouch.
This condition takes several different forms, often involving one or more fistulas connecting the trachea to the esophagus (tracheoesophageal fistula). Approximately 85% of affected babies will have a 'lower fistula'.


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                    [category_code] => 4
                    [system_code] => 21
                    [parent_da_code] => 549
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 
                    [omim_ref] => 
                    [possum_ref] => 
                    [snomed_ref] => 
                    [ICD10_ref] => Q39
                    [orphanet_ref] => 
                    [emedicine_ref] => 
                    [diseasesdb_ref] => 30035
                    [mesh_ref] => D003943
                    [fetusnet_ref] => 
                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-12-19 15:29:36
                    [modified] => 2008-12-30 20:17:55
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

        )

)