View a developmental anomaly category

Developmental anomaly categoryinformation for Localized dysplasia

Description: In localized dysplasia, the abnormal tissue elements occupy part of an organ.


Developmental anomalies associated with this developmental anomaly category :

Array
(
    [Dacategory] => Array
        (
            [id] => 19
            [name] => Localized dysplasia
            [description] =>  In localized dysplasia, the abnormal tissue elements occupy part of an organ.
        )

    [Thesaurus] => Array
        (
            [0] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 24
                    [name] => Cystic hygroma
                    [description] => Cystic hygromas are developmental abnormalities of the lymphoid system that occur at sites of lymphatic-venous connection, most commonly in the posterior neck. Cystic hygromas are believed to be the result of maldevelopment of the lymphatic juglar sacs. They are frequently associated with karyotypic abnormalities, various malformation syndromes, and several teratogenic agents. The common complications of these malformations are respiratory obstruction, dysphagia, infection, and hemorrhage. 
                    [author_id] => 1
                    [topo_code] => 7
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 74
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 3105
                    [omim_ref] => 
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-02-15 01:00:00
                    [modified] => 2008-12-29 20:37:59
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [1] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 78
                    [name] => Lymphedema of the neck
                    [description] =>  Lymphedema in utero can cause a broad neck and a low or indistinct hairline.
Neck lymphadema is an indicator of central fetal lymphedema in patients with Turner syndrome, is associated with the congenital cardiovascular abnormalities of bicuspid aortic valve and coarctation of the aorta, and not with the presence of congenital renal abnormalities.


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                    [topo_code] => 7
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 74
                    [parent_da_code] => 364
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                    [humpath_ref] => 13406
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                    [created] => 2008-03-05 01:00:00
                    [modified] => 2008-12-17 22:08:59
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [2] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 79
                    [name] => Hand edema
                    [description] => Lymphedema of the hand:
 Lymphedema may be present at any age and is one finding that can suggest Turner syndrome on fetal ultrasonography. Lymphedema is the cause of other anomalies, such as the webbed neck and low posterior hairline. In infants, the combination of dysplastic or hypoplastic nails and lymphedema gives a characteristic sausagelike appearance to the fingers and toes.

                    [author_id] => 1
                    [topo_code] => 33
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 61
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 13407
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                    [created] => 2008-03-05 01:00:00
                    [modified] => 2008-12-16 21:41:15
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [3] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 92
                    [name] => Foot edema
                    [description] => Lymphedema of the foot:
 Lymphedema may be present at any age and is one finding that can suggest Turner syndrome on fetal ultrasonography. Lymphedema is the cause of other anomalies, such as the webbed neck and low posterior hairline. In infants, the combination of dysplastic or hypoplastic nails and lymphedema gives a characteristic sausagelike appearance to the fingers and toes.


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                    [topo_code] => 27
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 61
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 13415
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-03-06 01:00:00
                    [modified] => 2008-12-16 21:44:36
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [4] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 434
                    [name] => Tapetoretinal degeneration
                    [description] => Degeneration of the pigmented layer of the retina. A hereditary disorder of the retina mainly affecting photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium; this may be a manifestation of Friedreich ataxia, Refsum disease, and abetalipoproteinemia. 

                    [author_id] => 2
                    [topo_code] => 50
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 51
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 14045
                    [omim_ref] => 272600
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-07-17 20:28:31
                    [modified] => 2008-12-17 16:10:20
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [5] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 206
                    [name] => Palpebral edema, bilateral
                    [description] => 
                    [author_id] => 1
                    [topo_code] => 50
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 61
                    [parent_da_code] => 837
                    [adicap_ref] => 
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-05-13 02:00:00
                    [modified] => 2008-12-19 23:14:57
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [6] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 298
                    [name] => Preauricular hamartoma
                    [description] => Preauricular hamartoma is a congenital, single, pedunculated nodule in the preauricular area. It is due to a developmental abnormality of the skin in which there is an excess of one or more mature, or nearly mature, tissue structures normally found in periauricular site.   
                    [author_id] => 1
                    [topo_code] => 51
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 11
                    [parent_da_code] => 884
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                    [created] => 2008-05-29 02:00:00
                    [modified] => 2009-01-23 22:03:43
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [7] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 453
                    [name] => Popliteal pterygium
                    [description] => Popliteal pterygium are webs of skin on the backs of the legs across the knee joint, which may impair mobility. 
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 24
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 61
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
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                    [created] => 2008-07-24 00:53:38
                    [modified] => 2008-12-17 15:29:50
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [8] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 465
                    [name] => Pulmonary Cysts, congenital
                    [description] => Cystic structures within the pulmonary parenchyma. The composition of the cyst wall is determined by its origin: bronchial glands, cartilage, or alveolar epithelium.Congenital cysts are typically unilocular and confined to a single lobe; the lower lobes are more commonly involved

                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 9
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 20
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 
                    [omim_ref] => 
                    [possum_ref] => 
                    [snomed_ref] => 
                    [ICD10_ref] => Q33.0 
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                    [fetusnet_ref] => 
                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-07-25 18:43:56
                    [modified] => 2008-12-04 15:23:12
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [9] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 711
                    [name] => skin hamartoma
                    [description] => 
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 1
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 11
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-09-18 20:47:54
                    [modified] => 2008-12-04 14:38:50
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [10] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 670
                    [name] => Peri-thumb bud
                    [description] => 
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 75
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 61
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
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                    [created] => 2008-09-04 22:24:47
                    [modified] => 2008-12-17 20:25:05
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [11] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 630
                    [name] => Portwine stain
                    [description] => Portwine stain is a congenital non-neoplastic naevus characterized pathologically by ectasia of superficial dermal capillaries, and clinically by persistent macular erythema. 
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 0
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 0
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
                    [humpath_ref] => 
                    [omim_ref] => 
                    [possum_ref] => 
                    [snomed_ref] => 
                    [ICD10_ref] => Q82.5 
                    [orphanet_ref] => 
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                    [fetusnet_ref] => 
                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-08-27 17:46:57
                    [modified] => 2008-12-03 15:19:30
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [12] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 700
                    [name] => Cutaneous bud
                    [description] => Abnormal cutaneous development.
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 75
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 61
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
                    [adicap_ref] => 
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-09-12 16:37:37
                    [modified] => 2009-01-05 19:37:37
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [13] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 708
                    [name] => Giant cystic hygroma
                    [description] => Airway compromise at birth can be anticipated with giant neck masses.
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 1
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 74
                    [parent_da_code] => 24
                    [adicap_ref] => 
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-09-16 17:06:06
                    [modified] => 2008-12-29 20:55:46
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [14] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 786
                    [name] => Combined Vascular Malformations, upper limbs
                    [description] => A combined vascular malformation involves two or more types of vessel abnormalities. Any of the four types of lesions (capillary, venous, lymphatic, or arteriovenous) may be combined. Combined malformations are typically accompanied by overgrowth of soft tissues (skin, fat and muscle) and bones. However, patients may also have other skeletal abnormalities.
Most combined malformations involve limbs, but they can involve any area of the body.
While the precise cause of these lesions is unknown, they begin early in embryonic life and are thought to be caused by an error in the formation of multiple types of blood vessel channels in a particular anatomical area.
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 1
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 47
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
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                    [created] => 2008-10-27 14:22:44
                    [modified] => 2009-01-05 15:43:14
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [15] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 733
                    [name] => Brainstem protuberance fibrosis
                    [description] => Associated wih neurofibromatosis,
(Rubinstein, 1986,Ann.N.Y.Acad.Sci,486:14-29)
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 63
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 14
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
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                    [wiki_ref] => 
                    [created] => 2008-10-01 14:59:20
                    [modified] => 2009-01-05 20:43:10
                    [modified_by] => 3
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

            [16] => Array
                (
                    [id] => 837
                    [name] => Palpebral edema
                    [description] => palpebral edema may signify as a cutaneous manifestation of systemic diseases  (hyperthyroidism) , allergic reaction  or localized eye problems,
  
                    [author_id] => 3
                    [topo_code] => 50
                    [category_code] => 19
                    [system_code] => 61
                    [parent_da_code] => 0
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                    [created] => 2008-12-19 23:09:49
                    [modified] => 2008-12-19 23:09:49
                    [modified_by] => 
                    [test] => 0
                    [isFree] => 0
                )

        )

)