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Encephalocele, occipital

DA: 147




Developmental anomaly information

Definition: Occipital encephalocele is the most common form of encephalocele in the Western Hemisphere (71% in the United States). Type III of Chiari malformation(CMlll), the most serious form of CM, occurs when the cerebellum and brainstem protrude through the foramen magnum and into the spinal canal. Although rare, the protruding tissue sometimes causes a pouch-like structure to appear on the back of the head or neck (occipital encephalocele). The covering of the brain and spinal cord also can protrude through an abnormal opening in the back of the skull, resulting in significant neurological problems, and life-threatening complications may develop.


Synonyms:

  • Type III of Chiari malformation(CMlll),


Developmental anomaly parent: Encephalocele

Topology: Human body > Head and neck > Head > Cranium > Brainstem

System: Human body > Nervous system > Central nervous system > Brainstem

Developmental anomaly category: Malformation

Case records MDB6, MDB104, MDB181, MDB464, MDB497
Links

Humpath: 5253

Observed in MDB cases
Observed in combinaisons (MDB)
Observed in malformative diseases (MDB)
Associated genes in profile
Associated genes in malformative diseases
Associated chromosomal diseases
Associated signaling pathways
Associated developmental anomalies

Here is the list of developmental anomalies associated with this developmental anomaly, based on the cases' information :



Last modified: 2009-05-05 15:09:25 by jcfournet

Created: 2008-03-19 00:00:00 by phsaw



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